Artificial intelligence and robotics redefine how we live and work.
We are on the brink of a technological revolution that will fundamentally change the way we live, work and live together like no other before. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the main driver of this technological revolution.
It affects our identity and everything related to it: a sense of privacy, ideas about ownership, the time we devote to work and leisure, and how we work in our careers, improve our skills and cultivate relationships. But the development and application of artificial intelligence can also pose a dystopian threat to our collective and individual well-being.
What is artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence is already all around us – from SIRI to self-driving cars – and is advancing fast. While Sci-Fi often portrays UIs as robots with human-like features; in fact, it can include anything from Google search algorithms to IBM’s Watson software to autonomous robots and weapon systems.
Artificial intelligence is often referred to today as a narrow UI (or weak UI) that is designed to perform a one-sided task (such as face recognition or just searching the Internet or driving a car). ). Another type of artificial intelligence is called a general AI, whose job is to “think” and solve problems like humans . A narrow UI can overcome people in specific tasks such as chess or solving equations. A general AI would in turn surpass people in almost every cognitive task.
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Part of the UI is trying to make machines think human. The famous Turing Test is a computer intelligence test that requires one to not be able to distinguish a machine from another person by answering questions from both. Arthur Samuel, a pioneer in artificial intelligence, defined machine learning as “the ability of computers to learn without being explicitly programmed to do so.” Machine learning is, in short, data analysis using algorithms, learning from it, and then drawing conclusions or making predictions.
Robots are autonomous or semi-autonomous machine applications of artificial intelligence that can operate independently of external commands. Robots use artificial intelligence and learning to improve their autonomous functions. However, robots are also commonly designed so that they cannot learn. There are at least 33 types of artificial intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT)
Think of all the “smart” devices that exist in our world: from phones to appliances to entire buildings. These devices are connected via the cloud to the Internet and can communicate with each other.
By 2020, an estimated 25 billion connected “items” will be operational. The IoT market is expected to grow to $ 1.7 trillion by 2020 and grow by 16.9% annually.
Author Anthony D. Williams argues that “virtually all living and non-living objects on earth may be capable of transmitting data, including our homes, cars, natural and man-made environments, and yes, even our bodies. “
The flip side of artificial intelligence
The possibility that artificial intelligence will turn against us is something that both laymen and scientists are dealing with. Experts believe that two scenarios are likely:
- A device or program with UI doing something destructive. For example, autonomous weapons that are programmed to kill.
- The UI is programmed to do something beneficial, but it will develop a destructive method to achieve these goals. For example: the AI system is entrusted with an ambitious construction project, but as a side effect it can cause the destruction of the ecosystem. He sees human attempts to stop him as a threat he has to deal with.
Controlling robotics is extremely challenging. However, as artificial intelligence becomes more widespread, it will be a more serious problem for society.
Elon Musk donated $ 10 million in 2015 “to prevent AI from turning to the side of evil.” Musk, Bill Gates and Stephen Hawking all warned against the flip side of artificial intelligence if we failed to control it. its development.
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